Maven Core Features
Maven works around the following core concepts
Project Object Model (POM) is the XML representation of the project where all the dependencies and configuration details are stored. POM plays a major role in ensuring that all the project resource references are maintained.
Build Life Cycles, Phases, Goals – Maven build process is composed of many build life cycles. Each life cycle has one or more phases. Each phase has one or many associated goals.
Dependencies and Repositories – Dependencies are external JAR files required for the project to work. Maven downloads these dependencies into the local, central or remote repository.
Build Plugin – Adding plugins to the POM file allows us to add new custom actions to be done during the build process.
Build Profile – Projects can be built differently by using different build profiles.